Eve Day 5 Eve Of Freedom: Digging Deeper

Digging Deeper Days...are a pretty big deal at GT!

We search God's Word together, ask questions as we read, dig around to find the original intentions at the time of writing, and then make some applications to our everyday lives.
Along the way, we hope you'll pick up some new tools to study Scripture and you'll see truth in a new and accessible way!
Dig In!

The Passage

Fridays are 2-for-1! Check out the other Journey Study, Eve Of Freedom!

Hebrews 9:11-22 English Standard Version (ESV)

11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) 12 he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.15 Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. 16 For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established. 17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive. 18 Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood. 19 For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.” 21 And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship. 22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.

The Questions

1) What is the writer of Hebrews comparing in v. 11-15?

2) What does it mean that Jesus is the high priest?

3) What is the new covenant?

4) What does blood have to do with the covenant?

The Findings for Intention

1) What is writer of Hebrews comparing in v. 11-15?
In these verses, the writer of Hebrews is comparing Jesus and the crucifixion with the sacrificial system of the Old Testament. The writer is stressing the importance of Jesus being the fulfillment of the whole law, including the need for sacrifice and shed blood for the restoration and forgiveness of sins. During the Old Testament period prior to Christ, the high priest would enter into the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement to offer sacrifice on behalf of the people and beg forgiveness for his sin and the sins of the people. With the new covenant established with Christ’s death and resurrection, a new hope was found. The priest was no longer a necessary part of the forgiveness process. Christ entered the holy place, and once and for all eternity, offered grace and forgiveness for all those who believe, thereby fulfilling the need for a sacrifice.

2) What does it mean that Jesus is the high priest?
Throughout Hebrews, we see Jesus referred to as the high priest. The role of high priest was reserved for the supreme religious ruler of Israel; only the high priest could atone for the sins of the people on the Day of Atonement. Only he could go into the Holy of Holies to make right what sins had been committed. With Jesus’ death and resurrection, Christ ushered in a new covenant which established Himself as the High Priest. He went before the Father on our behalf making atonement that set believers a part, sanctifying and redeeming us once and for all.

3) What is the new covenant?
When speaking of the new covenant, it is a reference to the covenant that was established through Jesus Christ. The original covenant was established between God and Abraham in Genesis 12 but also includes the covenant God made with Moses for the Israelites to follow the Law, which they could not keep because of their sinfulness. Once Christ took His rightful place after His death, resurrection, and ascension, a new covenant was established with the giving of the Holy Spirit. God now dwells in the hearts of believers in the person of the Holy Spirit and the promise to Abraham is being fulfilled through the new covenant.

4) What does blood have to do with the covenant?
Blood was part of the covenant process. In Genesis with Abraham and Moses, God used the blood shed of animals as a symbol of life and atonement. Those covenants were temporary until the blood of Christ, which is the ultimate blood covenant between God and man.

The Everyday Application

1) What is writer of Hebrews comparing in v. 11-15?
It is difficult sometimes to imagine what the old covenant looked like with the tent, the Holy of Holies, the Day of Atonement, and the sacrificial system in general. As we read this passage, the hope we have is evident in that Christ abolished the need for all of that in the sacrifice of His own life. Through His death and resurrection, atonement is made, the chains are broken, and hope is restored!

2) What does it mean that Jesus is the high priest?
The Lamb is the only one worthy! Jesus was the only one who could do what needed to be done. There is no earthly high priest that could do it. It required a continual sacrifice with men as high priest. With Christ as our High Priest, it is finished once and for all! We know how the story ends. Our High Priest, our mediator between God and us, is worthy to plead our cause and to offer atonement.

3) What is the new covenant?
Every day, if we are genuine believers, we live with the power of the Holy Spirit. We live not as continual “sacrificers”, but rather as those who have a sure hope because the answer has been given once and for all eternity; the sacrifice has been made. Our fate is sealed with the promise of something more, something new—a future that rests on Christ the solid rock. We stand, knowing that we are secure in our relationship with God, and that through the sacrifice of His Son, we are a redeemed people.

4) What does blood have to do with the covenant?
Since we do not live in Old Testament times with animal sacrifices being made, the idea of a blood sacrifice is a far distant thought. I think this is a challenge to us to better understand the Old Testament so that the New Testament makes sense. It is easy to forget that the entire Bible is the love story between God and His people and the entire story must be read and understood to know His character, His desires, and His will.

Don’t miss today’s other Journey Study, Eve Of Freedom!
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I Can Do That!

1) Take this passage (or any other passage).
2) Read through it (always more than a verse or two).
3) Write down your questions as you think of them.
4) Ask specific culture related questions and be ready to dig around for your answers. Google them, use www.studylight.org, or look them up in a study Bible and read the footnotes (click on the little letters next to a word and it will show you other related verses!). (www.esvbible.org)
5) Check your applications with other trusted Christians that you are in community with and embrace the fullness of God in your everyday!

The Community!

Thanks for joining us today as we journeyed into Eve Week One!
Don’t miss out on the discussion – we’d love to hear your thoughts!

The Tools!

We love getting help while we study and www.studylight.org is one of many excellent resources.  Just type in the verse you’re looking at and Boom! It’s right in front of you in English and Hebrew (Old Testament) or Greek (New Testament), which are the original languages the Bible was written in.

Want to know more about a specific word in a verse? Click on “Strong’s Interlinear Bible” then click the word you’d like to study. Find super awesome stuff like “origin”, “definition”, and even all the different ways that single word has been translated into English! If you want to be geeky, you can even click the word and hear its original pronunciation – That Is Awesome!

Want to get more background on a word or phrasing or passage? Click “Study Tools”, then pick a few commentaries to read their scholarly approach, keeping in mind that just because a commentary says it, doesn’t mean it’s true. (just like the internet :-))

The Why!

Finding the original meaning is a huge deal when we study Scripture and can make all the difference in our understanding as we apply God’s truths to our everyday lives.

In our modern-day relationships, we want people to understand our original intention as we communicate; how much more so between God and humanity?!

Here’s a little bit more on why we take Digging Deeper so seriously.

Embracing God’s fullness in our lives is rooted in scripture and memorizing His word is vital to our continued growth and depth with Jesus.
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Looking for other journeys from this theme?
See all past studies in Eve!